By P. R. S. Moorey
This can be the 1st systematic try to survey intimately the archaeological facts for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in old Mesopotamia (c. 8000-300 BC). P.R.S. Moorey experiences in brief the textual proof, and is going directly to study intimately quite a lot of crafts and fabrics: stones, either universal and decorative, animal items, ceramics, glazed fabrics and glass, metals, and development fabrics. With a accomplished bibliography, this generously illustrated quantity might be a key paintings of reference for archaeologists and people drawn to the early heritage of crafts and know-how, in addition to for experts within the historic close to East.
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Extra resources for Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence
The different sizes could have been stacked for shipment one inside the other, and it is probable that the largest vessels, if traded in finished form, had to have been transported by sea' (Kohl 1974: 220). A plain, nat-based bowl with concave sides recorded at Ur is also matched at Yahya (Kohl 1974: pI. Xla), at I Shahdad (Hakemi 1972: pI. IXa), at Hili in Oman (Frifelt 1971: 375, fig. 3b). Decorated vessels in chlorite/steatite have been the subject of unusually concentrated interest following excavations at Tepe Yahya in south-central Iran, between 1968 and 1973, which identified workshop debris from the manufacture of vessels of all kinds in the locally available chlorite at some time in the second half of the third millennium Be.
G. 10882, pI. 175) or to a plain translucent stone almost blue~white, as U·9363, pI. 176; in many cases the decay of the surface has robbed the vase of its original effect, but where this was preserved the polish was admirable and brought out the full quality of the stone. Steatite. 10517, pI. 10488, pI. 165), black and white breccia (U, 10496, pI. 178). 10480, pI. 174). To some extent material and shape were associated. The 'spill-vase' types 1 ~12 were always of calcite, the very beautiful bell-shaped bowls 49~51 were always of steatite, the jars 35-92 always of calcite, the oval bowl 96, which is borrowed from the metal type, was only made in rare material such as obsidian or green calcite, the decorated types 10, 29, 52, 53 were of steatite.
N the building complex uncovered at Jamdat Nasr few stone vessels were found. In describing them, Mackay made a point that remains true of much stone vase production in Mesopotamia through the next millennium and contrasts with the remarkable level of excellence maintained by stone vessel production in contemporary Egypt: 'a striking feature of these vessels is their extraordinary thickness, which was unnecessary and must have added greatly to their weight. It is particularly noticeable in the deeper jars and suggests that great difficulty was experienced in drilling out their interiors.