America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

The newly reunified usa skilled a tenuous peace following the yankee Civil warfare. It was once a interval characterised via nice technological advances, but additionally through elevated political, financial, and social polarization. This penetrating examine American heritage among the Civil warfare and twentieth century comprises firsthand money owed that demonstrate the existing ideologies of the time and make clear major humans and occasions.

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Eugenics achieved its greatest national visibility in the 1920s, when it was virtually synonymous with biological racism and modern degenerationism. Furthermore, it was during this decade that eugenicists achieved two critical victories: Buck v. Bell, the US Supreme Court case that upheld the constitutionality of Virginia’s sterilization law (1927), and the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act (1924), which set a quota of 2 percent on all immigrants from southern and eastern Europe based on the 1890 census and closed the gates to practically all newcomers from Asia.

Chapter 4, written for the revised edition, builds on the most recent scholarship on eugenics, race, and reproduction in California and uses newly discovered historical sources to explore patterns and experiences of eugenic sterilization in state institutions. California was by far the most aggressive sterilizer of any state, performing approximately one-third of the sixty thousand operations that occurred nationwide in the twentieth century. From 1909, the year California passed the country’s third eugenic sterilization law, until 1979, when this statute was repealed, twenty thousand inmates and patients in state hospitals and homes were sterilized on the basis of diagnoses that included but were not limited to feeblemindedness, idiocy, dementia praecox, and psychosis.

87 In a similar vein, Mexicans were simultaneously racialized and medicalized, sometimes in competing directions. 90 Furthermore, more than in any other region of the country, the racialized public health measures implemented in the American West were initially devised and assayed in US colonies. 91 Colonialism also circulated back to the American West in the racial taxonomies that informed miscegenation statutes, which forbade unions between whites and persons of color, as identified by a hodgepodge of classifications including mulatto, Malay, Mongolian, and Negro.

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