By Helen Kalkstein Fragiadakis
This profitable software stresses an inductive method of speaking successfully in English via spotting and generating excessive frequency American idioms.
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Extra info for All Clear!: Idioms in Context ( Book 2 )
5. A fixed combination of independent words: in Czech Närodni banka ceskoslovenskä [The National Bank of Czechoslovakia], ministerstvo närodni obrany [the Ministry of National Defence]; in English The British Commonwealth of Nations, The Westminster Statute. 6. Processes that are somehow related to derivation or composition: shortening and back-formations, discussed above. Of special interest are the so-called b l e n d i n g s , i. e. words formed by fusing the elements of two different words, in order to indicate the blending of their meaning, e.
The beautiful, the exceptional; cf. also The papers are more interested in the interesting than in the important. ) 4. ); this is also the case in German. In English, on the other hand, nouns can often be used as verbs without any derivational changes. Historically this stage was reached by the merger of many nouns and verbs that had had different forms in the original stock of words. Old English had the noun lufu 'love' and the verb lufian 'to love'; in the course of historical development the two words merged into the NE love [Iav], This formal merger has resulted in a great enrichment of the English vocabulary since on the analogy of instances as love — to love almost any English noun can convert into a verb.
In addition to these verbs, however, there are others accompanied by a complementary component that might be called a prepositional adverbial, viz. an adverb in the form that is common as a preposition. 35 We can distinguish here two types of instances: 1. Verbs, whether transitive or intransitive, complemented by an adverbial expression of this kind (e. g. to take o f f , to take out; to go out, to come back). 2. Verbs t h a t take a prepositional object (e. g. to look forward to). The latter case is outside the scope of our present interest.