Agriculture Fact Book 1999 (Agriculture Factbook, 1999) by US Department of Agriculture

By US Department of Agriculture

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Extra resources for Agriculture Fact Book 1999 (Agriculture Factbook, 1999)

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Widening farm-retail spreads continued to push up food costs in 1998. The percentage of the retail price accounted for by the farm value varies widely among foods. Generally, it is larger for animal products than for crop-based foods, and smaller for foods that require considerable processing and packaging. The percentage generally decreases as the degree of processing increases. For example, the farm value of meat was 30 percent in 1998, while cereal and bakery products I 16 99 01 Linking Consumers F 8/16/00 2:16 PM Page 17 had a farm value averaging only 6 percent.

The farm value as a percentage of retail prices was about 1 percent lower in 1998 than in 1997. 1 percent. Widening farm-retail spreads continued to push up food costs in 1998. The percentage of the retail price accounted for by the farm value varies widely among foods. Generally, it is larger for animal products than for crop-based foods, and smaller for foods that require considerable processing and packaging. The percentage generally decreases as the degree of processing increases. For example, the farm value of meat was 30 percent in 1998, while cereal and bakery products I 16 99 01 Linking Consumers F 8/16/00 2:16 PM Page 17 had a farm value averaging only 6 percent.

Service workers, including crew leaders and custom crews, accounted for 9 percent of all workers on farms in 1998. 47 per hour. 97 per hour. A significant portion of total farm production expenses is spent on labor. S. 8 billion in 1997, or almost 12 percent of total farm production expenses. About 34 percent of all farms had hired labor expenses and 12 percent had contract labor expenses. The importance of labor varied significantly by farm type and size of farm. The proportion of total farm production expenses attributed to hired and contract labor expenses was greatest on horticultural specialty farms (44 percent), fruit and tree nut farms (40 percent), and vegetable and melon farms (32 percent).

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