Agricultural Biodiversity in Smallholder Farms of East by Fidelis Kaihura, Michael Stocking

By Fidelis Kaihura, Michael Stocking

Smallholder farmers are the guardians, in addition to the beneficiaries, of a greater variety of organic species than are available in secure components. The farmers' varied practices are maintaining those species for the good thing about destiny generations. In flip, agricultural biodiversity is a first-rate manner for the bad to deal with tough biophysical environments and precarious social and political conditions. The United countries collage undertaking on humans, Land administration and Environmental swap (PLEC) experiences and records how the gathered wisdom and event of smallholders and their assorted practices result in transparent advantages for either biodiversity and society. This booklet highlights the methods smallholder farmers of East Africa - in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda - are taking part in their half within the international time table for the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of some great benefits of biodiversity. It attracts on classes realized from farmers, researchers, extension employees, policymakers and reduction organizations who're actively assisting PLEC demonstration websites in East Africa. It exhibits the very actual power of studying from farmers and basing coverage on attempted and validated methods of dealing with complicated agricultural structures.

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Stocking. 1995. ‘‘Agrodiversity: Definition, description and design’’, Global Environmental Change, No. 9, pp. 77–80. , Z. Dao, and H. Brookfield. 1996. ‘‘Agrodiversity and biodiversity on the ground and among the people: Methodology from Yunnan’’, PLEC News and Views, No. 6, pp. 14–22. IUCN. 1994. Guidelines for Protected Area Management. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. IUCN. 2000. ‘‘Biodiversity in development: The links between biodiversity and poverty’’, Biodiversity Brief 1.

Scoones, K. Kena, T. Berhanu, and W. Tessema. 2001. ‘‘Creating gardens: The dynamics of soil fertility management in Wolayta, southern Ethiopia’’, in I. ) Dynamics and Diversity: Soil Fertility and Farming Livelihoods in Africa. London: Earthscan, pp. 45–77. INTRODUCTION 19 Liang, L. 2002. ‘‘Promoting agrodiversity: The case of UNU project on people, land management and environmental change (PLEC)’’, Global Environmental Change, No. 12, pp. 325–330. , M. Stocking, H. Brookfield, and L. Jansky. 2001.

We have moved a long way from biodiversity being the preserve of the ecologist interested only in protected areas. The message to international policy-makers now is that agricultural biodiversity can be as valuable as any natural biodiversity, and is certainly more obviously linked to the needs and aspirations of land users. Agricultural biodiversity is, in effect, managed by the components of agrodiversity. Greater appreciation of the positive experiences of agrodiversity, as demonstrated for East Africa in this book, is called for in order to further the global goals of conserving biodiversity, controlling climate change, and preventing land degradation.

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