By Frank R. Noyes M.D., Sue D. Barber-Westin B.S. (auth.), Frank R. Noyes, Sue Barber-Westin (eds.)
Nearly one million anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) accidents take place every year around the world, inflicting long term difficulties within the knee joint. This textbook examines the fast- and long term affects of ACL accidents at the foundation of enormous quantities of released experiences. possibility components for such accidents are explored utilizing information from hypothesis-driven investigations, and attainable factors of the better threat of noncontact ACL accidents in girl athletes are analyzed. Neuromuscular education courses proven to lessen the speed of those accidents in lady athletes are defined in step by step aspect by means of quite a few colour images and video demonstrations. moreover, distinctive descriptions are supplied for rehabilitation courses for use after ACL reconstruction which will decrease the chance of a destiny harm. The ebook may be of price to orthopedic surgeons, actual therapists, athletic running shoes, activities medication basic care physicians, and energy and conditioning specialists.
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Additional info for ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete: Causes, Impacts, and Conditioning Programs
Prodromos CC, Han Y, Rogowski J et al (2007) A meta-analysis of the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears as a function of gender, sport, and a knee injury-reduction regimen. e6 81. Renstrom P, Arms SW, Stanwyck TS et al (1986) Strain within the anterior cruciate ligament during hamstring and quadriceps activity. Am J Sports Med 14(1):83–87 82. Salmon L, Hui C, Roe J et al (2010) Incidence and risk factors for reinjury 15 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft.
J Orthop Res 16(1):122–127 Li G, Rudy TW, Sakane M et al (1999) The importance of quadriceps and hamstring muscle loading on knee kinematics and in-situ forces in the ACL. J Biomech 32(4):395–400 Li G, DeFrate LE, Park SE et al (2005) In vivo articular cartilage contact kinematics of the knee: an investigation using dual-orthogonal fluoroscopy and magnetic resonance image-based computer models. Am J Sports Med 33(1):102–107 Lindenfeld TN, Schmitt DJ, Hendy MP et al (1994) Incidence of injury in indoor soccer.
ACL reconstructions using current methods do not fully restore normal knee kinematics, despite advanced surgical procedures and rehabilitation. In addition, the injury creates long-term changes in the biochemical environment of the knee joint, which is believed by some investigators to be a significant factor in the development of subsequent joint arthritis . R. D. Barber-Westin reconstructed knee or contralateral knee upon return to sports activities, which may be due in part to inadequate postoperative rehabilitation which failed to include advanced neuromuscular retraining [10, 82, 83].